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Challenging Racial Disproportionality in Child Welfare: Research, Policy, and Practice
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Product Code: 1446
ISBN: 978-1-58760-144-6
Edited by Deborah K. Green, Kathleen Belanger, Ruth G. McRoy, and Lloyd Bullard
Published: 2011

The child welfare field recognizes that youth of some racial and ethnic backgrounds are overrepresented in the system. African American and American Indian children, for example, are overrepresented in out-of-home care compared to their representation in the general population, while Hispanic overrepresentation can be variable.

Why does this happen? What are the consequences? How can it be prevented? This textbook seeks to answer these questions. Child welfare workers—as well as practitioners of many social services, including health, education, and justice—can explore nuances within the far-reaching issue of disproportionality section by section. Chapters discuss racial disproportionality and outcome disparity, what happens to children who face these obstacles, and how child welfare can partner with other systems to build organizational and community-based supports to address disproportionality and reduce disparity.

Section I How Disproportionality and Disparities of Outcomes are Defined, Assessed, and Measured
Chapter 1 Disproportionality and Disparity in Child Welfare: An Overview of Definitions and Methods of Measurement ■ Susan J. Wells
Chapter 2 The Racial Geography of Child Welfare: Toward a New Research Paradigm ■ Dorothy E. Roberts
Chapter 3 Community and Stakeholder Perceptions of Disproportionality■ Alan J. Dettlaff and Joan R. Rycraft
Chapter 4 Measuring Racial Disparity in Child Welfare ■ Terry V. Shaw, Emily Putnam-Hornstein, Joseph Magruder, and Barbara Needell
Chapter 5 The Benefits of Life Table Analysis for Describing Disproportionality■ David S. Crampton and Claudia J. Coulton
Chapter 6 Children Ever in Care: An Examination of Cumulative Disproportionality ■ Joseph Magruder and Terry V. Shaw
Section II Contextualizing Disproportionality in Social Work
Chapter 7 Contextualizing Disproportionality ■ Ruth G. McRoy
Chapter 8 Reflections on Racial Disproportionality: Dangerous Directions or Timely Interventions? ■ Dennette M. Derezotes
Chapter 9 Critical Thinking, Social Work Ethics, and Racial Disproportionality: The Importance of the Universalization Principle ■ Owen M. Smith
Chapter 10 Race, Poverty, and Risk: Understanding the Decision to Provide Services and Remove Children ■ Stephanie L. Rivaux, Joyce James, Kim Wittenstrom, Donald J. Baumann, Janess Sheets, Judith Henry, and Victoria Jeffries
Chapter 11 Gaps in Research and Public Policy ■ Robert B. Hill
Section III Hispanic/Latino, Asian, American Indian, and Aboriginal Populations
Chapter 12 Disproportionality in Child Welfare: An American Indian Perspective ■ Terry Cross
Chapter 13 Disproportionality of Latino Children in Child Welfare ■ Alan J. Dettlaff
Chapter 14 Disproportionality from the Other Side: The Underrepresentation of Asian American Children ■ Monit Cheung and Alicia LaChapelle
Chapter 15 Visible Minority and Aboriginal Children Reported to the Canadian Child Protective Services ■ Chantal Lavergne, Sarah Dufour, Nico Trocmé, and Marie-Claude Larrivée
Section IV Addressing Disproportionality with Individuals, Families, and Groups in Multiple Practice Settings
Chapter 16 Value-Driven Decisions: Reducing Disproportionality Through Practice ■ Deborah K. Green
Chapter 17 Point of Engagement: Reducing Disproportionality and Improving Outcomes ■ Eric J. Marts, Eun-Kyoung Othelia Lee, Ruth G. McRoy, and Jacquelyn McCroskey
Chapter 18 Evaluating Multisystemic Efforts to Impact Disproportionality Through Key Decision Points ■ Dennette M. Derezotes, Brad Richardson, Connie Bear King, Julia Kleinschmit, and Betty Pratt
Chapter 19 Working with Youth and Families to Impact Disproportionality. Brad Richardson
Chapter 20 Connective Complexity: African American Adolescents and the Relational Context of Kinship Foster Care ■ Ann Schwartz
Chapter 21 Mitigating Racial Disproportionality in Residential Care ■ Lloyd Bullard
Chapter 22 Beyond Disproportionality: Are There Racial or Ethnic Differences in Foster Care Alumni Outcomes? ■ Amy Dworsky, Catherine Roller White, Kirk O’Brien, Peter J. Pecora, Mark Courtney, Ronald C. Kessler, Nancy Sampson, and Irving Hwang
Section V Addressing Disproportionality in Communities and Organizations
Chapter 23 Addressing Disproportionate Representation: A Collaborative Community Approach ■ Monique Busch, Jacqueline Remondet Wall, Steven M. Koch, and Clara H. Anderson
Chapter 24 Addressing Disproportionality Through Communities of Faith■ Kathleen Belanger, Sam Copeland, and Monit Cheung
Chapter 25 Engaging a Nation: Casey Family Programs’ Initiatives on Disproportionality and Disparity ■ Ralph Bayard
Chapter 26 Emerging Strategies for Reducing Disproportionality: The Results of a Breakthrough Series Collaborative ■ Oronde A. Miller and Kristin J. Ward
Chapter 27 Innovations in Texas: Undoing Racism, Developing Leaders, and Engaging Communities ■ Joyce James, Deborah K. Green, Carolyne Rodriguez, and Rowena Fong
Chapter 28 Combating Disproportionality and Disparity with Training and Professional Development ■ Dale Curry and Anita P. Barbee
Chapter 29 Taking Action on Racial Disproportionality in King County■ Patricia Clark, Jacquelyn Buchanan, and Lyman Legters
Chapter 30 National Judicial Initiatives to Reduce Racial Disproportionality and Disparities in the Dependency Court System ■ Sophia I. Gatowski and Shirley A. Dobbin
Section VI Resources
Part A Children’s Bureau National Resource Centers ■ Kathy Deserly and Jerry Gardner
Part B Selected Resources for Addressing African American Adoption Disproportionality ■ Ruth G. McRoy
Part C Disproportionality of American Indian and Alaska Native Children■ Kathy Deserly and Jerry Gardner
Part D Training Resources Related to Racial Disproportionality and Disparities in Child Welfare ■ Anita P. Barbee and Dale Curry
About the Editors
About the Authors